Beekeepers tasks

The production of royal jelly

Royal jelly or gelee royale is the food for queen larvae. Its amazing properties can be seen, when a larva that would normally evolve into a worker bee (unfertile female), evolves into a sexually mature female – queen bee, because of the royal jelly. It is excreted by nurse bees 6 to 14 days old. Honey and pollen are the necessary raw material.  The jelly is produced in special glands of the nurse bees. The jelly looks sticky and adhesive, is usually white, and at times it has a slightly gray cast.

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The extraction of honey

When we talk of bees, we always think of honey first and honey is the main reason why we breed bees. The bees collect sweet nectar or different kinds of honeydew and bring it to the hive, where they deposit it into the cells of the combs. For a single kilogram of honey, the bees have to visit a couple of million of flowers. The nectar brought to the hive contains a lot of water. The bees remove the water by moving the nectar from cell to cell…

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The queen breeding

The queen breeding is also called the poetry of beekeeping. The reports on the beginning of queen rearing in our country date back to the time of our most renowned beekeeper, Anton Janša (1734 -1773). In old times, queen rearing was connected with extraordinary swarming, which is a consequence of beekeeping in small hives. Swarming is the natural method for the queen bees to get younger. But because in advanced beekeeping swarming is restricted as much as possible, queen rearing is an important discipline of beekeeping.

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